Before cutting fruit trees in winter, a reasonable pruning plan should be determined according to the variety, age, density, physical structure, growth potential and yield of the fruit tree.
1. Electric fruit tree pruning shears-pruning backbone branches
Pruning starts with the main branch at the base and cuts from the full bud, but pay attention to the position of the cut. Auxiliary branches should be kept between each side branch according to the spatial orientation, and the upright branches, leggy branches and competing branches on the back should be removed. After cutting, pruning the other main branch.
2. Pruning auxiliary branches
The shape of fruit trees is mostly layered. After cutting the main branches at the base, pruning the auxiliary branches between layers. Auxiliary branches can be inserted to fill up the vacancies, and there is no space for retraction or deletion. If the side branches of the tree have a large space, the auxiliary branches can develop in a fan shape.
3. Review pruning
The fruit trees should be checked carefully after pruning. After the fruit tree is pruned, the tree shape requires that the branches do not overlap up and down, neighbors do not cross on the left and right, and the flower and leaf buds are evenly distributed.